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Organizational Practices Survey

Organizational Practices Survey

We developed this survey to measure organizational practices. These scales measure crucial organizational practices that are important for organizational success and are applicable in a wide variety of organizations and cultural contexts. The original study was validated in a sample of over 1,200 employees in six countries in North America, South America, Asia and Oceania. The scale has now been employed in studies with close to 10,000 respondents across 20 countries, providing a reliable and valid instrument for measuring organizational practices across cultural contexts. Download the full scale.


Fischer, R., Ferreira, M. C., Assmar, E., Baris, G., Berboroglu, G., Dalyan, F., Wong, C.C., Hassan, A., Hanke, K., Boer, D. (2014). Organizational practices across cultures: An exploration in six cultural contexts. International Journal of Cross-Cultural Management, 14, 105-125. DOI: 10.1177/1470595813510644


This study examined organizational practices in a sample of 1239 employees from various organizations in Argentina, Brazil, Malaysia, New Zealand, Turkey, and the U.S. Twenty-four items measuring employee orientation, formalization, and innovation practices showed a clear factorial structure across all samples, along with good reliabilities. Significant organizational position differences were found for employee-orientation and innovation practices.  Sector differences were found for formalization and innovation practices. Cultural differences were found for employee orientation and innovation practices, which can be explained using macro-economic indicators, tightness-looseness and individualism. Our study demonstrates the importance of individual, organizational, economic and cultural level for understanding perceptions of organizational practices across a wider range of societies.

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