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Revised Portrait Value Questionnaire-57RR

The Portrait Value Questionnaire has become one of the most popular instruments for measuring values. It was originally developed by Shalom Schwartz and colleagues (2001) and has now been updated and expanded (Schwartz et al., 2012). The new instrument measures 19 value types. Below are the revised items for the PVQ-RR. The items are numbered according to their location in the survey. Items in bold are changed from the previous version, the PVQ-R (see Schwartz et al., 2012). All items are phrased in male and female form. There is a short definition of its motivational goal for each of the 19 value facets before the presentation of the items. The instructions remain the same for both males and females. Download the full scale.


Schwartz, S.H., Cieciuch, J., Vecchione, M., Davidov, E., Fischer, R., Beierlein, C., Ramos, A., Verkasalo, M., Lönnqvist, J.-E., Demirutku, K., Dirilen-Gumus, O., & Konty, M. (2012). Refining the theory of basic individual values. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 103, 663-688.


We propose a refined theory of basic individual values intended to provide greater heuristic and explanatory power than the original theory of 10 values (Schwartz, 1992). The refined theory more accurately expresses the central assumption of the original theory that research has largely ignored: Values form a circular motivational continuum. The theory defines and orders 19 values on the continuum based on their compatible and conflicting motivations, expression of self-protection vs. growth, and personal vs. social focus. We assess the theory with a new instrument in 15 samples from 10 countries (N=6059). CFA and MDS analyses support discrimination of the 19 values, confirming the refined theory. MDS analyses largely support the predicted motivational order of the values. Analyses of predictive validity demonstrate that the refined values theory provides greater and more precise insight into the value underpinnings of beliefs and attitudes. Each value correlates uniquely with external variables.

This Figure shows the overall revised structure:

Revised Values.jpg